[1]向廷杰,熊康宁*,肖时珍,等.贵州三叠纪海生爬行动物群的世界遗产价值[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),2018,(03):399-409.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8395.2018.03.021]
 XIANG Tingjie,XIONG Kangning,XIAO Shizhen,et al.World Heritage Values of the Guizhou Triassic Marine Reptile Fauna[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,2018,(03):399-409.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8395.2018.03.021]
点击复制

贵州三叠纪海生爬行动物群的世界遗产价值()
分享到:

《四川师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-8395/CN:51-1295/N]

卷:
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
399-409
栏目:
基础理论
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
World Heritage Values of the Guizhou Triassic Marine Reptile Fauna
文章编号:
1001-8395(2018)03-0399-11
作者:
向廷杰 熊康宁* 肖时珍 袁周伟
贵州师范大学 喀斯特研究院/贵州省喀斯特山地生态环境国家重点实验室培育基地, 贵州 贵阳 550001
Author(s):
XIANG Tingjie XIONG Kangning XIAO Shizhen YUAN Zhouwei
State Key Laboratory Incubation Base for Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of Guizhou Province/School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, Guizhou
关键词:
贵州三叠纪海生爬行动物群 物种多样性 对比分析 世界遗产价值
Keywords:
Guizhou Triassic marine reptile fauna the species diversity comparative analysis world heritage value
分类号:
K903
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-8395.2018.03.021
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以贵州三叠纪海生爬行动物群物种多样性和时间跨度为切入点,运用全球对比分析方法,提炼其世界遗产古生物价值.研究表明:截止到2016年9月,贵州三叠纪海生爬行动物群发现并报导海生爬行类40种,包括鱼龙类、楯齿龙类、始鳍龙类、海龙类、原龙类、初龙类、龟类共7大类,基本覆盖了三叠纪海生爬行类群,并伴有大量鱼类及无脊椎动物共存,是世界上海生爬行动物多样性最丰富、时间跨度较长、分布范围较广的三叠纪海生爬行动物群.其物种多样性组成构成了一个从沉寂-复苏-辐射-稳定的古海洋生物完整演变序列.动物群物种多样性具有突出普遍价值,是研究三叠纪中、晚期海洋生物发展演化的最好的记录,满足世界遗产评价标准(viii):是地球演化史中重要阶段的突出例证,包括生命记录和地貌演变中的重要的地质过程或显著的地质或地貌特征.
Abstract:
On the perspective of species diversity and time duration, this study uses global comparative analysis to refine the world heritage paleontology values of the Guizhou Triassic marine reptile fauna. Up to September 2016, 40 types of marine reptiles including Ichthyosaur, Placodontia, Eosauropterygians, Thalattosaurians, Protorosauria, Archosauria and Turtle belong to seven categories have been found and reported. It includes the basic Triassic marine reptiles and a large number of fish and invertebrate coexisted. It is a distinguished Triassic marine reptile fauna characterized by high diversity, long time duration and a wide range of distribution. The species diversity of the fauna indicates a complete sequence of ancient marine life: silence-restoration-radiation-stabilization. The high species diversity of the Guizhou Triassic marine reptile fauna has the outstanding universal value. Meanwhile, it is the best record to study the evolution history of marine life in the middle and late Triassic. Both meet the world heritage criteria(viii): to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.

参考文献/References:

[1] 汪啸风. 贵州关岭生物群研究的进展和存在问题(代序)[J]. 地质通报,2003,22(4):221-227.
[2] 郝维城,孙园林,江大勇,等. 盘县动物群研究进展[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学版),2006,42(6):817- 823.
[3] 马乐天,季承,孙作玉,等. 贵州兴义三叠纪海生爬行动物群的地层分布及其生物多样性[J]. 地层学杂志 ,2013,37(2):178-185.
[4] 魏家庸. 贵州三叠纪自然遗产及世界地质公园申报[J]. 贵州地质,2008,25(4):241-246.
[6] 李锦玲,金帆. 畅游在两亿年前的海洋:华南三叠纪海生爬行类和环境巡礼[M]. 北京:科学出版 社,2009:64-65.
[7] 万大学. 贵州盘县羊圈地区安尼锡克中期凝灰岩的发现及其意义[J]. 贵州地质,2002,19(2):77-81.
[8] JIANG D Y, MOTANI R, HAO W C, et al. New primitive ichthyosaurian(Reptilia, Diapsida)from the Middle Triassic of Panxian, Guizhou, southwestern China and its position in the Triassic biotic recovery[J]. Progress in Natural Science,2008,18(10):1315-1319.
[9] JIANG D Y, SCHMITZ L, HAO W C, et al. A new mixosaurid ichthyosaur from the Middle Triassic of China[J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2006,26(1):60-69.
[10] 陈孝红,程龙. 贵州普安中三叠统混鱼龙(鱼龙类:爬行动物)一新种[J]. 古生物学报,2010,34(6):251 -260.
[11] JIANG D Y, MAISCH M W, SUN Z Y, et al. A new species of Lariosaurus(Reptilia, Sauropterygia)from the Middle Anisian(Middle Triassic)of southwestern China[J]. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie-Abhandlungen,2006,242(1):19-42.
[12] JIANG D Y, MAISCH M W, HAO W C, et al. Nothosaurus yangyuanensis sp(Reptlia, Sauropterygia, Nothosauridae)from the middle Anisian(Middle Triassic)of Guizhou, south-western China[J]. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie:Monatschefte,2006(5):314- 317.
[13] JIANG D Y, RIEPPEL O, MOTANI R, et al. A new Middle Triassic eosauropterygian(Reptilia, Sauropterygia)from Southwestern China[J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2008,28(4):1055-1062.
[14] SHANG Q H. A new species of Nothosaurus from the early middle Triassic of Guizhou, China[J]. Vertebrata Palasiatica,2006,44(3):237-249.
[15] JIANG D Y, MOTANI R, HAO W C, et al. First record of placodontoidea(Reptilia, Sauropterygia, placodontia)from the eastern tethys[J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2008,28 (3):904-908.
[16] LI C. First record of protorosaurid reptile(Order Protorosauria)from the middle Triassic of China[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica,2003,77(4):419-424.
[17] LI C, WU X C, CHENG Y N. An unusual archosaurian from the marine Triassic of China[J]. Naturwissenschaften,2006,93:200-206.
[18] ZOU X D, BALINI M, JIANG D Y, et al. Ammonoids from the Zhuganpo member of the Falang formation at Nimaigu and their relevance for dating the Xingyi fossil:lagerstatte(late ladinian, Guizhou, China)[J]. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia,2015,121 (2):135-161.
[19] 杨钟健. 贵州新发现的肿肋龙化石胡氏贵州龙[J]. 古脊椎动物学报,1958,2(2/3):315-335.
[20] 邹晓东,郭文,江大勇,等. 贵州省兴义地区中三叠世兴义动物群化石储集层古环境初步分析[J]. 北京 大学学报(自然科学版),2015,51(3):472-484.
[21] 杨鹏飞,季承,江大勇. 贵州兴义中三叠世黔鱼龙属(爬行纲:鱼龙目)一新种[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科 学版),2013,49(6):1002-1008.
[22] RIEPPEL O, LIU J, LI C. A new species of the thalattosaur genus Anshunsaurus (Reptilia:Thalattosauria)from the Middle Triassic of Guizhou Province, Southwestern China[J]. Vertebrata Pal Asiatica,2006,44(4):285-296.
[23] 程龙,陈孝红,王传尚. 贵州晚三叠世安顺龙(爬行纲:海龙目)一新种[J]. 地质学报,2007,81 (10):1345-1351.
[24] 赵丽君,李淳,刘俊,等. 云南中三叠世豆齿龙类(爬行纲:楯齿龙目)一新属[J]. 古脊椎动物学 报,2008,46(3):171-177.
[25] CHENG Y N, WU X C, SATO T, et al. A new eosauropterygian(Diapsida, Sauropterygia)from the Triassic of China[J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2012,32(6):1335-1349.
[26] 李淳. 贵州中三叠世长颈龙属(原龙目:长颈龙科)一幼年个体[J]. 古脊椎动物学报,2007,45(1):37- 42.
[27] 李锦玲,奥利维尔·瑞柏尔. 贵州兴义中三叠世Nothosaurus一新种[J]. 古脊椎动物学 报,2004,42(1):1-15.
[28] 刘冠邦,尹恭正,王雪华,等. 记贵州顶效中三叠世一新的海生爬行动物[J]. 高校地质学报,2002,8 (2):220-226.
[29] 杨钟健. 中国湖北、贵州的幻龙[J]. 古脊椎动物与古人类,1965,9(4):69-82.
[30] CHENG Y N, SATO T, WU X C, et al. First complete pistosauroid from the Triassic of China [J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2006,26(2):501-504.
[31] 李锦玲,刘俊,奥利维尔·瑞柏尔. 贵州兴义中三叠统法郎组竹杆坡段Lariosaurus一新种[J]. 古脊椎动物学报,2002,40(2):114-126.
[32] 李锦玲,金帆. 贵州龙脊椎动物群研究新进展[J]. 自然科学进展,2003,13(8):796-800.
[33] XU G H, ZHAO L J, GAO K Q, et al. A new stem-neopterygian fish from the Middle Triassic of China shows the earliest over-water gliding strategy of the vertebrates[J]. Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences,2013,280(1750):867-907.
[34] 刘冠邦,尹恭正,王雪华. 贵州兴义发现最原始弓鳍鱼[J]. 古生物学报,2002,41(3):461-463.
[35] 孙作玉,郝维城,江大勇. 贵州关岭动物群时代的牙形石地层证据[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学 版),2003,39(1):118-125.
[36] MU A T. On the discovery of the crown of Trumatocrinus[J]. Bulletin of the Geological Society of China,1949,24:85-92.
[37] 李淳. 贵州三叠纪一新鱼龙的初步研究[J]. 科学通报,1999,44(12):1318-1321.
[38] RIEPPEL O, LIU J, BUCHER H. The first record of a thalattosaur reptile from the Late Triassic of South China[J]. J Vertebrate Paleontology,2000,20(3):507-514.
[39] 王尚彦,王敏,刘家仁. 关岭生物群产出地层的岩石微相和环境意义[J]. 贵州地质,2004,22(1):43-45.
[40] 尹恭正,周修高,曹泽田,等. 贵州关岭晚三叠纪早期海生爬行动物的初步研究[J]. 地质地球化 学,2000,28(3):1-23.
[41] 陈孝红,程龙. 贵州晚三叠世关岭动物群大型鱼龙化石一新种[J]. 地质通报,2003,2(4):228-235.
[42] 陈孝红,程龙,SANDER P M. 贵州关岭上三叠统卡洛维龙(爬行动物:鱼龙类)一新种[J]. 中国地 质,2007,49(2):974-982.
[43] 李淳. 贵州关岭上三叠统的楯齿龙类化石[J]. 古脊椎动物学报,2000,38(4):37-42.
[44] 李淳,RIEPPEL O. 贵州关岭晚三叠世一奇特的楯齿龙类[J]. 科学通报,2002,47(2):156-159.
[45] CHENG Y N, WU X C, SATO T. A new thalattosaurian(Reptilia: Diapsida)from the Upper Triassic of Guizhou, China[J]. Vert Pal Asiat,2007,45(3):246-260.
[46] 赵丽君,刘俊,李淳,等. 贵州关岭海龙类一新属种[J]. 古脊椎动物学报,2013,51(1):24-28.
[47] 王立亭. 半甲齿龟的发现及其意义[J]. 贵州地质,2009,26(2):160-161.
[48] LIU J, RIEPPEL O. The second thalattosaur from the Triassic of Guizhou, China[J]. Vertebrata Pal Asiatica,2001,39(2):77-87.
[49] LI J L. Abstact for the international symposium on the global strstotype of the permian- triassic boundary and the Paleozoic-Mesozoic event, Changxin, China[C]//Triassic marine reotiles from Guizhou of China,2001:59-60.
[50] 喻羑艺,罗永明,尹恭正. 贵州关岭动物群中的海百合[J]. 贵州地质,2000,17(40):40-44.
[51] China State. Chengjiang Fossil Site[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1388,2016-09- 20.
[52] Russian Federation State. Lena Pillars Nature Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1299,2016-09-20.
[53] Viet Nam State. Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/951,2016-09-20.
[54] Canada State. Miguasha National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/686,2016-09- 20.
[55] Canada State. Joggins Fossil Cliffs[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1285,2016-09- 20.
[56] America State. Grand Canyon National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/75,2016- 09-20.
[57] Argentina State. Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/966,2016-09-20.
[58] United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland State. Dorset and East Devon Coast [EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1029,2016-09-20.
[59] Italy and Switzerland State. Monte San Giorgio[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1090,2016-09-20.
[60] Canada State. Dinosaur Provincial Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/71,2016-09- 20.
[61] Denmark State. Stevns Klint[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1416,2016-09-20.
[62] America State. Great Smoky Mountains National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/259,2016-09-20.
[63] Egypt State. Wadi Al-Hitan(Whale Valley)[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1186,2016 -09-20.
[64] Germany State. Messel Pit Fossil Site[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/720,2010.
[65] Australia State. Australian Fossil Mammal Sites(Riversleigh/Naracoorte)[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/698,2016-09-20.
[66] Kenya State. Lake Turkana National Parks[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/801,2016- 09-20.
[67] America State. Yellowstone National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/28,2016- 09-20.
[68] America State. Petrified Forest National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentative lists/5253,2016-09-20.
[69] Argentina State. Sierra de las Quijadas National Park[EB/OL]. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentative lists/2021,2016-09-20.
[70] 王砚耕,王立亭,王尚彦. 论关岭生物群及其科学意义[J]. 贵州地质,2000,17(3):145-151.

相似文献/References:

[1]谢春平,方彦,方炎明.不同地区乌冈栎群落物种多样性的比较分析[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(03):451.
 XIE Chunping,FANG Yan,FANG Yanming.Comparative Analysis on the Species Diversity of Quercus Phillyraeoides Community in Different Districts[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,2013,(03):451.
[2]汪建华,周先容*,尚进,等.金佛山喀斯特山地灌丛巴山榧树群落特征[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(03):389.
 WANG Jianhua,ZHOU Xianrong,SHANG Jin,et al.Characteristics of the Torreya fargesii Community of the Karst Mountain Shrub in the Jinfo Mountains[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,2014,(03):389.
[3]赵群芬,陈光升.重庆四面山常绿阔叶林群落多样性与海拔梯度的关系[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),2004,(04):405.
 ZHAO Qun-fen~,CHEN Guang-sheng~ (. College of Life Science and Bioengineering,Ningbo University,et al.[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,2004,(03):405.
[4]马丹炜.九寨沟自然保护区青木千(Picea wilsonii)林物种多样性分析[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),1998,(06):0.
 Ma Danwei (Department of Life Science and Technology,Sichuan Normal University,Chengdu 00,et al.[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,1998,(03):0.
[5]马丹炜.九寨沟自然保护区次生林物种多样性分析[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),1999,(01):85.
 Ma Danwei (Department of Life Science and Technology,Sichuan Normal University,Chengdu 00,et al.[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,1999,(03):85.
[6]罗奕爽,李宇奇,彭培好,等.城市化影响下川西林盘植物群落特征及发展[J].四川师范大学学报(自然科学版),2017,(06):824.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8395.2017.06.019]
 LUO Yishuang,LI Yuqi,PENG Peihao,et al.Farmhouse Forests in Western Sichuan Plant Community Characteristics and the Development under Urbanization Influence[J].Journal of SichuanNormal University,2017,(03):824.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8395.2017.06.019]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-11-06 接受日期:2017-03-17
基金项目:国家十三五重点研发计划课题(2016YFC0502607)、贵州省科技计划课题(黔科合计实验室[2011]4001号)和贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合 [2016]支撑2904号)
*通信作者简介:熊康宁(1958—),男,教授,博导,主要从事喀斯特与洞穴、资源与环境及石漠化生态恢复、世界遗产的研究,E-mail:1363662309@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-15